TunaHAKI Theater, Moshi, Tanzania, 2008 Building Area: (sf)10,000 sq ft Location of Project: Moshi Tanzania Type of Project: Public Theater Construction materials, mechanical systems or other pertinent information Fabric formed concrete, earth block, Biogas system
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Summary In Kiswahili, “TunaHAKI” means “we have rights”! The belief that children have rights to a clean and productive future is the basis for the TunaHAKI Center in Moshi, Tanzania. Environmentally and socially sustainable, the fundamental action of the TunaHAKI Foundation is to provide orphan children with a home, medical care, education, and training for a position in their village, city, and the world. The program is at once ordinary and spectacular, an orphanage and a public theater, a private compound connected to a festive gathering place.
The architects are dedicated to the necessity of acting locally, understanding traditional building types and the availability of local materials both natural and manufactured, are working together with local leaders on the design. A rural site with a view of Mt. Kilimanjaro has been purchased for the compound. At the orphanage, familiar activities occur in new ways which avoid environmental degradation. Garbage is composted and contained rather than burned, solar cookers replace wood fire stoves to prevent deforestation and smoke, rainwater is collected, gray water is used for garden irrigation, solar water heaters and solar electric panels and wind turbines generate light and heat, a sustainable system will treat sewage.
The visionary Tanzanian artist and TunaHAKI founder imagined an orphanage supported by a public theater. Supported by Cirque du Soleil, TunaHAKI children participate in cultural events at the theater, learn circus arts, and form a family through acrobatics and dance. Locals and tourists enjoy cultural gatherings in the courtyard.
The Zuni Eagle Sanctuary is a place of practical purpose and spiritual presence. Situated on the Pueblo of Zuni in northwestern New Mexico, it is the centerpieces of the natural resources compound, located just off the single paved road that connects the Middle Village to the outlying Black Rock area housing. It is a Place marked by community involvement in the design and construction process, reliance on local materials quarried and milled from Zuni lands, and the reintroduction of traditional building techniques for construction. Originally designed to hold birds and their caretakers, the site has expanded in significance as people from Zuni and elsewhere discover the power of the space inhabited by the eagle. Project History Eagle feathers play a central role in the ritual observances of the Zuni tribe. In the past, tribal members were free to keep eagles, but today only eagles unsuited to the wild may be held in captivity, their condition monitored by the federal government. Rather than continue to apply to the government for eagle feathers, the Zuni have constructed and aviary to house these injured eagles. As birds molt, their feathers are collected to distribute to the tribe.
The aviaries themselves are essentially flight areas and cages, designed and built with respect for Zuni tradition, placed in relation to the sacred mesa Dowayalanee. Material from the pueblo lands was used for construction: a sawmill was purchased to produce the 2”x@’ slats made from wood harvested at the pueblo. Highly skilled Zuni masons have trained younger members to lay the reddish sandstone walls in Chaco style.
Raptor Enclosures two aviaries to increase the supply of feathers
Portals within the compound: visitor orientation with Portals for eagle viewing
Speaking and Listening Room: A community meeting Room, constructed of rammed earth, with acoustic panels in walls and ceiling to modulate voices, cool areas to store peaches
Land Maps: Lines in the Desert: Array of land “masses” to contain locations for peach trees, waffle gardens, and benches, these large elements in earth locate significant sites in outlying areas, and place by tribal members